On Project is a purposeful, one-off project consisting of a set of coordinated, steered activities with start and finish dates and performed to take into account constraints on time, resources (eg money or costs, production and working conditions, staff) and quality to achieve a goal.
Project derives from Latin proiectum, neuter to proiectus, thrown forward, past participle of proicere, forward throw. For projects, 'forward' means a temporal dimension (see also scheduling). The German word comes in the later 17th Century in use in the meaning "construction project".
To carry out projects, project teams are frequently formed that are responsible for controlling tasks. Many project management lessons recommend that the goals or objectives of a project be formulated in advance according to the SMART rules ("SMART" = specific, measurable, accepted, realistic, scheduled). For research projects, however, this only applies to a limited extent.
The project goal determines the strategic approach, this determines the necessary processes / activities and the helpful basic structure, which determines the handling of the resources.
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