The term (lat .: decenia, mittelelniederdt .: teghede) refers to an approximately ten percent traditional tax in the form of money or natural resources to a religious (eg temple, church) or secular (king, landlord) institution. Such a levy was already known in ancient times in various cultures not only of the Orient and was common throughout the Middle Ages to the early modern period.
Examples of the tithe:
- the eighteenth was analogous to the Bible to pay for grain and mostly livestock
- the tenth was in addition to other crops as Fruchtzehnt (kitchen herbs, fruits, vegetables) and small cattle to pay
- the Weinzehnt (also Nasser tithes) to pay on gekelterte wines
- the Heuzehnt, on harvested hay
- the wooden ten, on beaten wood
- meat or blood, slaughtered animals or animal products such as meat, eggs and milk
- the new decade or novelty (in Switzerland also the nine-month period), on Neubruch, that is on land made usable by clearing (also Rodezehnt or Reutezehnt)
- the Bergzehnt in mining
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